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Does matter have a rock bottom?

R eductionism is the idea that complex phenomena can be explained by breaking them down into simpler components or parts. While reductionism has been a powerful tool in many fields of science, including physics and biology, it has its limitations when it comes to understanding complex systems. In this article, we will explore why fractals help us see the bigger picture, and how fractals can help us to better understand complex systems.

Reductionism is based on the assumption that understanding the behaviour of a system can be achieved by studying its individual components. However, this approach does not take into account the interactions and interdependencies between these components, which can give rise to emergent properties and behaviours that cannot be predicted or explained by studying the components in isolation.

One example of a complex system that cannot be fully understood through reductionism is the human brain. The brain is made up of billions of neurons, each of which can be studied in isolation. The emergent behaviour of the brain, including consciousness, perception, and cognition, cannot be fully explained by studying individual neurons.

Fractals are a mathematical concept that can help us to better understand complex systems by capturing the interdependencies and interactions between their components. A fractal is a self-similar pattern that repeats itself at different scales. Fractals can be found in many natural phenomena, including coastlines, snowflakes, and clouds.

Fractals can be used to model complex systems in a way that captures their emergent properties and behaviours. By studying the patterns and structures of fractals, we can gain insight into the complex interdependencies and interactions that give rise to emergent phenomena.

One example of a complex system that can be better understood through fractals is the